In many rural areas of Nigeria, water and sanitation systems are inadequate, but local governments do not have the funds to execute necessary system upgrades. This forces local residents to turn to private water vendors, who charge high prices that are out of reach for many individuals. Others resort to digging in dried-out river beds to seek small quantities of dirty water to fulfill basic needs.
Because of the lack of clean water in rural Nigerian communities, residents often have no other choice but to drink water that makes them ill. Diarrhea is widespread in some areas, with an estimated 97,000 Nigerian children each year dying from this preventable health condition. Through the efforts of caring individuals and organizations, access to clean water for drinking, cooking, and self-care can improve for Nigeria's rural populations.